Saturday, March 9, 2019
Management Art or Science Essay
The concept of heed is universal and very old. That is wherefore different views have been expressed some its reputation by different writers from time to time. The continuous and rapid development of guidance principles and practices in agreement has changed the nature of management. The main points of view about the nature of management ar given below guidance as an cunning, Science or bothA lot of controversy arises whether management is an blind or acquaintance or both. It is said that the management is the oldest of artistic creations and youngest of science. This explains the changing nature of management. only if to have an need answer to this question, it is necessary to understand both these aspects on an individual basis and combinedly, as given below counselling as an ArtArt refers to the way of doing specific things it indicates how an object can be achieved. In the rowing of George R. Terry, Art is bringing about of a desired result through the applicati on of skill. Art is, thus, skilful application of knowledge which entirely depends on the inherent capacity of a psyche which comes from within a person and is learned from practice and experience. In this sense, management is certainly an art as a manager uses his skill, knowledge and experience in solving various(a) problems, both complicated and non-complicated that arise in the working of his enterprise successful. In the words of Ernest Dale, Management is considered as an art rather than science principally because managerial skill is a personnel possession and is intuitive.Management as a ScienceScience may be described as a systematized body of knowledge based on proper findings and exact principles and is capable of verification. It is a reservoir of fundamental truths and its findings apply safely in all the situations. In this sense, management is a science as it has to a fault unquestionable some systematized knowledge. Like other sciences, management has also develo ped certain principles, laws, generalization, which are universal in nature and are relevant wherever the efforts of the people are to be coordinated. But management is not as exact science as other physical sciences manage physic, chemistry, biology, astronomy etc. The main reason for the inexactness of science of management is that it deals with the people and it is very difficult to predict their behavior accurately. In this way, management falls in the area of social sciences. Thus, it is a social science.Conclusion- Management is an Art and Science BothFrom the above study, we conclude that management is an art and science both. According to American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Management is the art and science of preparing, organizing and directing human efforts to control the forces and utilize the material of nature for the benefit of men. Thus, it has now been accepted that management is an art as comfortably as science. It has the elements of both arts and science. In the words of Dean Stanley, Management is a mixture of an art an science the present ratio is about 80% art and 20% science.