Thursday, December 20, 2018

'Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis Essay\r'

'Determining the outstrip skeleton of semi semi governmental association was burning(prenominal) to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, and each of them expressed his opinion in important works such as the democracy and governmental relation. In explaining, comparing, and contrasting the semi semi governmental philosophies of Plato and Aristotle, it is evident that each of them shell outd out the attractivered oddment of identifying and promoting the outperform form of governmental government. They likewise shared in prevalent the said(prenominal) philosophy regarding the origins of a political produce. The State arises, Plato says d mavin Socrates in the Republic, â€Å" stunned of the needs of mankind.\r\n” (Plato) Aristotle look intos, and declares that the state is a political typenership that exists for figures of self-sufficiency as swell up as for the sake of life story well. In other words, the State exists in roam to provide f or the well-being of its citizens. Aristotle expresses this in Politics when he argues, â€Å"the good life is the purpose of the city-state. ” (Aristotle) Furthermore, some(prenominal) Aristotle and Plato agreed that Man is by nature a political animal, because he has the ability to express his thoughts about cleanice.\r\nTheir single analyses reflected their respect for solelyice, and their elevation of it to the highest priority. In the Republic, Plato defines full political feel as a system in which each beguile is satisfied to the proper extent and everyone has what is theirs. The philosophers hatful out the knowledge they fatality; the warriors have the honors they want; and the popularers have the goods and pleasures they want, under the enlightened centering of philosophers and warriors. The methods of Aristotle and Plato were similar in many ways.\r\nThey both utilized logic, evaluations of contemporary politics, and lengthy comparisons of motley types o f political regularise to arrive at their conclusions. As citizens of ancient Greece, they both shared much the similar outlook on society, religion, morality, and politics. They in like manner shared similar diachronic perspectives, and their perceptions of contemporary events were formed through the aforementioned(prenominal) philosophical context. One of the contrasts between their methods is that Plato use analogies to make his points.\r\nHe examined a political state by comparing the state with the forgiving soul. Unlike Aristotle, he as well used a style of get along in which he made his points through dialogues involving Socrates. He also designed an elevated state run by plurality he referred to as â€Å"The Guardians” which differed from Aristotle’s antenna in Politics, in which style and form more closely resembled an essay or monologue. In Politics, Aristotle emphasized that correct political shape involves pursuing policies which are to the comm on advantage of the most populate.\r\nAristotle reasoned that persists who rigid their avouch interests above everyone else’s had no political legitimacy, for their tyranny brought suffering upon their own community. Aristotle described the stovepipe forms of political rule as kingship, aristocracy and polity, and described the score forms as tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Plato was also harshly hypercritical of tyranny, and described it in the Republic as, â€Å"not a matter of minor stealth and violence, but of wholesale plunder, sacred and profane, snobby or public. ” (Plato) Both men’s methods involved a comprehensive abstract of the consequences of each form of rule.\r\nAristotle criticized Democracy because its consequences were rule by the multitude, which causes injustice. He criticized Oligarchy because its consequences were rule by the wealthy, which also causes injustice; and he criticized totalism because its consequences were dictator ship, which again causes injustice. In terms of the merits of the citizenry, Aristotle notes that the tidy sum may collectively be the best judges of certain things, so it is reassert for them to take part in deliberations. only if like Plato, he feels that the common people are not qualified to share in the highest chests.\r\nBoth Plato and Aristotle also agree that laws need to be made in accordance with the regime, and agree that the more just a ruler is, the more just the laws will be. Essentially, both Aristotle and Plato asserted that the goal of politics should be justice. One fight between them is that Plato believed that the best claim to rule was education and virtue, although he conceded that there is also a claim to rule base on wealth and on numbers. some other difference is that Aristotle emphasized that the most important task for a leader was to be a lawgiver, and to frame the appropriate governing body for the city-state.\r\nIn Aristotle’s system, it was the leader’s duty to provide enduring laws, customs, and institutions for the citizens. tally to Aristotle, once the war paint was in place, the ruler needed to take the necessary stairs to maintain it, to implement reforms when he considered them necessary, and to sustain against any subversion of the political system. Aristotle’s emphasis on a constitution sets him apart from Plato, who considered philosopher kingship the best form of political rule. Aristotle described a constitution as â€Å"a certain ordering of the inhabitants of the city-state,” and as â€Å"the way of life” of the citizens.\r\n(Aristotle) He also speaks of the constitution of a community as â€Å"the form of the compound” and argues that whether the community is the same over time depends on whether it has the same constitution. (Aristotle) It should be noted that despite the fact that Aristotle’s political eyeshots were influenced by Plato, he was very crit ical of the ideal city-state set forth in Plato’s Republic. He based his criticism on the campaign that Plato’s ideal city-state overvalued political unity, embraced a system of communism that was impractical and hostile to human nature, and neglected the happiness of the person citizens.\r\nIn contrast, in Aristotle’s view of the ideal State each and every citizen would possess moral virtue and the equipment to withstand it out in practice, and thereby win a life of excellence and unadulterated happiness. All of the citizens would hold political office and possess private property because â€Å"one should call the city-state happy not by looking at a part of it but at all the citizens. ” (Aristotle) In conclusion, the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle were both bear on with identifying and promoting the best form of political association.\r\nIn works such as the Republic and Politics, they used similar methods of analysis to prize th e best form of political rule. For Aristotle, the best form of political rule corresponded to the best way of life for a human being. Since the best way of life is living nobly and according to virtue, the best political form of rule is the one which promotes this kind of life. For Plato, the best form of political rule was Aristocracy, for it involves rule by the best people in the political community. Bibliography Aristotle. Politics. New York: capital of Delaware Publications, 2000. Plato. Republic. New York: Viking Press, 1955.\r\n'

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